Found a great post about something we are all hearing about the ZIKA Virus.

http://www.aliem.com/2016/zika-virus-what-emergency-department-providers-need-to-know/

 

he Zika virus outbreak has recently been put on “Level 1” activation status by the Emergency Operations Center at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). If you haven’t already thought about this affecting your emergency department, you should starting now. A Level 1 status has been triggered only 3 times in the recent years: Ebola (2014), H1N1 (2009), Hurricane Katrina (2005). The following are some key facts and resources.

 

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Zika virus was first isolated from a macque in 1947 in the Zika forest of Uganda [1]. The first human case was reported in Nigeria in 1954 [2]. Since then, human disease was sporadic and limited mostly to Africa. The first large epidemic of Zika virus infection occurred on Yap Island, Federated States of Micronesia in 2007 [3]. Zika Virus arrived in Brazil in May 2015 [4], and has spread throughout the Americas in a very short period of time. The first case in the United States was reported on January 13, 2016 in a patient who had returned to Houston, TX after traveling to Latin America [5,6].

WHAT ARE THE CLASSIC SYMPTOMS AND TIME COURSE?

  • The Zika virus causes a mild acute illness. In fact, approximately 80% of patients are asymptomatic [7].
  • Symptoms include fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis typically beginning 2 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.

Click here to see the rest of the article (Click here)